extension ExtPose

'Improve YouTube!' (Video & YouTube Tools)🎧

CRX id

bnomihfieiccainjcjblhegjgglakjdd-

Description from extension meta

Make YouTube tidy+smart! YouTube video color ad skip volume speed channel tool style HD ads adblock adblocker tags keyword playlist

Image from store 'Improve YouTube!' (Video & YouTube Tools)🎧
Description from store Set up the YouTube video player, Youtube theme / layout / style & content filters, once, today & enjoy that for years! With our YouTube-extension you have 85+ useful, unique features 🧰🔧. To make your experience on YouTube a whole lot better & save you a lot of clicks & time. ✔️ Open-source & free charity since 2012! ✔️ Extra video playback features for: Embedded YouTube & the Internet (We're also working on Facebook, mobile m.youtube, Netflix, Twitch, Vimeo) ✔️ Applies settings more conveniently than other Youtube Extensions: Live with no reload ⌛ 🎖️🏆 Press Reviews: "Enhances YouTube in meaningful ways" ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐https://www.gHacks.net/2021/03/26/improved-youtube-enhances-youtube-in-meaningful-ways) We are now "RECOMMENDED by FIREFOX"!🦊(only 109 extensions & not the first one for YouTube) "Might be the best YouTube Extension Ever" (https://LifeHacker.com/this-might-be-the-only-youtube-browser-extension-youll-1846575110) ⋮⚙️⋮ Many features, some can only be found here(🦄we pioneered) 🎞️☕🎨 To List A Few: ➕ Youtube Video Description: Expand always ➕ Expand Youtube videos to your full window. ➕ adblocker you can adblock ➖ & white-list ads on your channel subscriptions ➕ Shortcut / Scroll to adjust Volume.➕ Resize YouTube videos ( Youtube player Size )➕ Youtube Screenshot (download print save a video Frame) ➕ Default/fixed Video Quality to match your Display 720p 1080p 4k 8k or bandwidth 480p 240p 144p ➕ avoid 60 frames vs 30 fps ➕ hide distraction declutter attention / teaching screenshare presentation ➕ Remove Related Videos ➕ Hide Youtube Comments ➕ Remove Header ➕ Hide Annotations ➕ Hide live chat ➕ reverse Youtube Playlist, Shuffle Playlist ➕ watch video frame by frame. ⏯️🔁🔀 Extra Player Buttons (optional): Loop Repeat ➕ Rotate Video ➕ Buttons ➕ Default audio volume Level ➕ Default Playback Speed ➕ Pip Picture in Picture ➕⌘+⇧ Shortcuts: Customize Youtube Player Shortcuts / Hotkeys 🧩 ⓘ Official Accounts: • 🌱👪Community/Volunteers: https://github.com/Code4Charity/Youtube-Extension • Website: https://improvedtube.com • Twitter: @ImprovedTube ImprovedTube is lightweight 🍃 (You can expect all normal YouTube functions to work as expected!) We also don't see you (🔒 privacy): It only needs permission to access youtube visuals & runs offline (Unlike many extensions out there.) We can't care about what video you watch, just that you have a better time. ➕ Analyse your activity 📈, Block by Video (Channel tag category) ➕ Video Volume Mixer🎛️🔊🧪 ➕ Player Auto-Play: Off ➕ "Up Next": Off (Reset Youtube's "Autoplay" after every video )➖ playlist Auto-Play: On ➕ Auto-pause ➕ Loudness normalization ➕ Youtube Subtitles captions transacript always on/off ➕ Dark mode ✓ Schedule better viewing at night time ✓ Dark theme and Black theme ✓ Blue-light filter (Preserve sleep. Relax eyes) ✓ Display dim ➕Toggle Youtube Player Controls ➕Overwrite Youtube Shortcuts & Hotkeys ➕Hide YT details ➕ set YT language ➕ ImprovedTube Search ➕Tweak YT's "Scroll for details" 🌎 translated to 24 languages We♥ Youtube Extension Devs & tried many unique/friendly, notably cool, smart features • check https://improvedtube.com (what else is great?)( Compatiblity: you don't need common features (some copy our code)('adblock' 'youtube adblocker' 'dark theme for youtube' 'automatic 4K auto hd popout 'lights off' floating cinema mode, theater mode, looper replay repeater, player speed control 'video speed controller' window expander, magic actions, youtube enhancer - But you CAN just try what you need, i.e. sponsor skip adblock, besides a YT Extension works with "access youtube.com" / You dont need to accept "alerts "change privacy settings "access all websites "browser history - could be optional opt-in) ⇒New: ➕ Mini Player scrolling ➕ draggable ImprovedTube icon on youtub ✓ New Menu suits Touchscreen (2-d & little more space) ✓ Legacy List style ➕ Channel enable "featured content" (vs channel intro trailer) ➕ Mimic retro classic YT Theme Style Layout ➕ Thumbnail HD .gif : OFF ➕ H264 codec (h264ify to speed up Player / save CPU electricity. H.264 encoding is faster, efficient in GPUs designed before 2016 AV1 VP8 VP9 Flash) ➕ Pop-out Player ("always-on-top is possible through OS or an app OS) 🔎Found a bug❓🐞🐛 - If you notice any issue, require help, or wish a new feature🌟🧚 please post on Github or contacting us. Or use "Support" next to "Reviews". Please don't complain in the Reviews immediately. We work hard 🏋️👩‍💻 to make your experience a 5/5 Stars experience. [email protected] 📧 [email protected] 📧 ⇒Status: Just Fixed: [x] Collapse YT comments [x] Channel Video counter We are not affiliated with YouTube or an official extension. This extension is independently developed for use with Youtube since 2012©️

Latest reviews

  • (2022-08-08) Jilani Jlassi: قمت بإضافة وسأعمل على استعمالها وتقييمها. هذا بالإضافة إلى بقية التطبيقات الهامة التي يضعها هذا المبرمج . ألف شكر
  • (2022-08-07) omar mokhar: very good product
  • (2022-08-07) Inxs Menz: I´m testing it and I like it!
  • (2022-08-06) S L: Very nice features YouTube sorely lacks. However there are some hiccups with this app: - Definitely not lightweight. Lately it's been lagging like hell, even crashing my browser a few times (and I'm on a gaming platform so it's not my hardware) - It doesn't seem to mesh well with other YouTube apps (chiefly SponsorTube and Unhook, also great apps) - Many obsolete or nonworking features, which I'm sure bloat things up even more. Several features are 403'd on YouTube's end, for example, and unless there will be a workaround, should be cut off - Some features just plain don't work, you have to test them and see what happens. See above points - Recently a feature was removed, and it messed up functionality on YouTube. I had to reset settings just to get rid of this issue. What it does do it does well. But right now I have it disabled because I suspect it's causing browser instability. Hope for a patch and less inter-app bugs
  • (2022-08-05) i j: How can I hide hashtags? How can I change the color of the "like button" to green?
  • (2022-08-05) Jole And Gole: the hide details button don't work,except for the hide share button,fix it,its been almost a year that you havent fix it
  • (2022-08-04) FRANPAL: super buena
  • (2022-08-02) Xx4DarkVoid4xX: Please make the custom mini player work with all aspect ratios because I can't see the video player controls when I'm watching a video that is 1 by 1
  • (2022-08-02) Vijay Badode: Useful!
  • (2022-08-01) Rey Hachero: Useful
  • (2022-08-01) Sônia Rackel: Congratulations to the developer for the great extension! Very good! I recommend using.
  • (2022-07-31) Nguyen Quang Tuyen: useful ! 😍😍😍
  • (2022-07-30) Emmanoel Igor Henrique da Silva: Muito bom. Sinto falta de uma player para visualizar vídeos na mesma página.
  • (2022-07-30) garudan 7806: very useful
  • (2022-07-30) Fachmi Ananda: There's this bug that's been here since day one and still no fix. when you search something while on a video, the video plays in the background but the page is already changed to search result. or when you back to youtube homepage by clicking the youtube logo on top corner while watching a video, the sound plays in the background. please fix this
  • (2022-07-29) Saleh Zwai: Disabling Autoplay isn't working
  • (2022-07-28) Kanaba Nakamura: Worked well since the day I installed it but these past few days, my player is permanently stuck in theater mode with no way to go back to the regular player mode. Even toggling the Appearance > Player > Forced theater mode switch on and of doesn't do anything.
  • (2022-07-25) Jole And Gole: when i changed the font it won't save fix it
  • (2022-07-24) paromita jana: Very useful tool. Makes YouTube so much more convenient and cool.
  • (2022-07-22) Sheetu Goel: Great
  • (2022-07-22) 오주영: 아니 갑자기 재생목록 역순 왜 안 되는 거임? 그거 하나 때문에 이거 사용하고 있는데
  • (2022-07-20) Максим Пастухов: Отличное расширение, ютуб всегда в HD.
  • (2022-07-19) Fluxspiel: Waited for 3 month for channel error fix, and still same error happens.
  • (2022-07-19) Ali Aghaie: Perfect, but please add Persian subtitle to languages list
  • (2022-07-18) Joseth Erick Rubio Saez: FABULOUS
  • (2022-07-18) Ramin D: Blacklist and hiding/marking watched videos doesn't work for me. main reason I installed this extension
  • (2022-07-17) Nathan Fritzler: It was always sorta bad quality - but did the job. Looks bad, and the buttons go in bad spots on the website. Their readme is formatted like it was made by using low-quality image-to-text conversion on a kindergartner's seminal art piece that was supposed to be homework. The app barely works. Super buggy. The alternative "Enhancer for Youtube" is much better.
  • (2022-07-14) BADDAM SATEESH REDDY: It is very useful to all.
  • (2022-07-14) SH: Screenshot, PIP, Loop in the Player Menu do not work...
  • (2022-07-12) Dasha Popov: Nice appearance.
  • (2022-07-10) 박지훈: ㅇㅌㅂ 좋ㅇ.r요 표ㅅ1한 동0상에 2상한 목1록 이 추7ㅏ 되었다. 면 ㅇ1 확짱프 로 GRAM ㅈ1우세요. 9글ㅇ ㅔ ㅇㅌㅂ ㅅ1청 7l.록 ㅎH킹 검샋
  • (2022-07-10) Quentan Mertens: Doesn't have an option to change subscription page to list view from grid view.
  • (2022-07-09) Σπυριδουλα Tαμπακοπουλου: very useful, i like it.
  • (2022-07-09) Fluxspiel: Please fix the Channell error. Please. I beg you. Please.
  • (2022-07-05) Fuching Maple: 选择其他浅色主题时,点击头像的设置页面和聊天回放页面仍为黑色,并且聊天回放内部文字变成白色导致看不清楚。
  • (2022-07-01) Josh Llarinas: This extension is one of the better ones I've used. There one feature that would be nice. Please, please add the ability to control the volume level with a mouse scroll wheel instead of having to adjust it on the taskbar. Other than that, I have nothing else to complain about this extension. Keep up the good work.
  • (2022-07-01) Parva: Great extension but it keeps taking me to the wrong channel when I click someone's profile picture or name.
  • (2022-06-30) Jabin Hogg: I like it but, most of the settings don't even work even when I reload the page, nothing happened. Good extension but please some of these settings need to work when you activate them, Overall nice app!
  • (2022-06-29) EArkham: Used to be quite happy with this extension, but in the most recent version it keeps forcing you into certain settings, like dark mode, annotations on, subtitles on, etc. You can turn them off temporarily but then 5 minutes later they all turn on again. Very frustrating. Uninstalled it.
  • (2022-06-29) Hamza: it keeps taking me to a different channel when i click on a channel name or pfp
  • (2022-06-28) Black Spirit: Doesnt work
  • (2022-06-27) Ali Nabel: fantastic
  • (2022-06-26) Bruna Kulla: Great App.
  • (2022-06-26) Anna Oliveira: Great!!
  • (2022-06-23) Arjun Sahjpaul: Been buggy lately, having to restart the extension multiple times a day now. experiencing issues with: - Collapse of subscription sections - Speed (keyboard shortcuts) - Captions possibly others but these are the main ones i've been experiencing. Otherwise, its a a pretty powerful tool, and is really really useful when its working correctly
  • (2022-06-22) Mac Dirty: Worked like a charm for years. Past 6 months its been really temperamental. Having to go off/on the "theater mode" option half the time for it to start working again.
  • (2022-06-22) Lisemelo Mazaiwana: Loved the extension , its very useful
  • (2022-06-21) Geisilaine barbosa: Very good! Really improves youtube!
  • (2022-06-21) Marianne Mdp: Great!!
  • (2022-06-19) Jeff Augie: would be way better, if it had a 'remove close captioning' button. youtube has that on default . and i dont have a youtube account, so i'm stuck with it. thanks.

Latest issues

  • (2022-08-09, v:3.944) Jamaal Williams: View Count
    This extension no longer hides the view count of videos, despite the function being turned on in "settings".
  • (2022-08-03, v:3.944) Rondorix: Broken themes
    The themes options now only affect the background on the header bar, certain buttons, and text. The background on the rest of the site is unaffected, which means certain combinations are inherently unusable. For example, set Youtube to Light Mode, set Improve Youtube to Night, Dawn, or Sunset theme, and so many things will just turn seemingly invisible because of matching color.
  • (2022-08-01, v:3.943) N P: 60fps block
    While a lot of the other features of this plugin are useful and nice, blocking Youtube's forced 60fps format when 720p in 30fps still exist on their servers is why i got it. This function used to work consistently. But for the past few months it only works about 1/2 the time. Sometimes if I reload the video page like 10 times it'll activate, sometimes not. I can only assume something in youtube's code regarding this has changed recently.
  • (2022-07-25, v:3.942) Vladislav Khachaturian: Music playback speed
    Hello. Please make an option to not change playback speed of videos in music category.
  • (2022-07-24, v:3.942) Gigamer: bug
    When you click on Youtube homepage click on some youtube video , and then play some other video from right panel , and from that video you wanna look up to his channel it will show the channel from the previous video maker
  • (2022-07-18, v:3.940) Rage JustRaging: About Playback Speed
    Hey, so when you watch a YouTube video is there anyway to make it so that the forced playback speed is also visible when you use normal YouTube settings. Like 3x would show up under 4x, 5x under that and it continues, thanks.
  • (2022-07-10, v:3.939) Thisura Thenuka: Auto-Delete Watched Videos from Subscriptions Page
    Hi, I really love your extension and I've been using it for a long time. Currently, we can delete already watched videos from the subscriptions page manually from the menu. I would like to request you to add an automated option for that as well, so that I that don't have to do it manually over and over again. I would really help me out. I really do tend to watch the same video over and over again mindlessly. Hope you'd consider my request. btw keep up the good work guys 🙌❤️
  • (2022-07-09, v:3.939) johana padron: volume
    Hi i just installed your app for a better volume experience on youtube but i can get it to work on my chromebook. I'll be waiting for your reply.
  • (2022-07-06, v:3.939) Dmitriy Klimchuk: Player layout is broken after Youtube's updates to the comments section
    After Youtube moved the comments to the left the size of the player can't be adjusted. This layout update is not yet rolled out to all users, let me know if I can help.
  • (2022-07-06, v:3.939) King Karlito: reverse playlist button missing
    I previously used the reverse playlist feature easily after turning on the reverse feature in the playlist portion of ImprovedTube's settings page. But recently I cannot find the option to play a playlist in reverse order anywhere. I have 'Reverse' turned on in the playlist tab of ImprovedTube's settings. I am not sure if this is a recent bug causing the option to not appear correctly. Or if I am just becoming too blind to locate the option anymore. If this is not a bug are there instructions or a screenshot/video that shows where to select the Reverse playlist option. Thanks in advance for any help!
  • (2022-07-03, v:3.939) musik: window disappearing bug when your press on your google account icon
    in the top right on YouTube.com then you press on your google account icon, the window that is supposed to open with Your channel,Switch account...ect.. only stays up for one sec and i am forced to click onthe icon again please fix. ty
  • (2022-07-01, v:3.939) Josh Llarinas: Please add this feature to the 'Improve YouTube!' (Video & YouTube Tools) extension.
    There is one feature that would be nice. Please, please add the ability to control the volume level with a mouse scroll wheel instead of having to adjust it on the taskbar.I got the idea from another youtube extension that doesn't work as well as this one. If you can add this in the next update that would be amazing as always keep up the excellent work.
  • (2022-06-23, v:3.939) jx: Allow the up next to on/off youtube manual switch on work until a session is closed
    I don't like having the up next always enabled especially when viewing news content. I want to watch an independent voice but if up next enabled youtube just gives me foxnews or msnbc content. I know how to get that content I don't need youtube for that. It would be nice to have the option to click the youtube up next switch to stay enabled until the session is closed, or I switch it back off without going into Improve YouTube!
  • (2022-06-22, v:3.939) Mac Dirty: Theater mode
    Having to off/on the theater mode always on function for the extention to start working again.
  • (2022-06-16, v:3.939) David Galbraith: Volume control is being ignored
    With Enhancer for Youtube (so bloated and ignore autoplay settings) I could just hover over the video and scroll up or down to change the volume.With your extension I set this up the same way but nothing happens except that the whole page scrolls rather than the volume level. So I tried setting it to shift scroll, but that has no effect either. Hope you can figure out why this isn't working. Thanks.
  • (2022-06-16, v:3.939) Manuel Antonio: Screenshot button
    Hello, the screenshot button doesn't appear by default. Even with the option already enabled, it's necessary to disable and re-enable it for it to appear on the player. If the page is refreshed, the button disappears again.
  • (2022-06-15, v:3.939) Cds Dfs: the hide avater setting is off, but is still not showing 222
    the hide avater setting is off, but is still not showing 222
  • (2022-06-15, v:3.939) 肥肥: comment avater not showing
    the hide avater setting is off, but is still not showing
  • (2022-06-13, v:3.939) Jēkabs Bumbieris: Clicking channel name opens channel of previous video
    Clicking on the channel name of the current video opens the channel of the previous watched video
  • (2022-06-12, v:3.939) Colin Lundy: Feature Request
    Good afternoon, I am wondering if you could possibly look into adding this feature into your app, would you be able to make it so we can turn off notifications feature or hide it?
  • (2022-06-10, v:3.939) Максим М: Channel link
    When pressing on the channel link in the video description it opens a channel of previously video watched
  • (2022-06-05, v:3.939) 박지용: PIP unavailable
    PiP button doent show up in youtube player
  • (2022-06-03, v:3.939) Sander V: Bug, channel hyperlink misredirection
    Hello, i think there might be a bug where when you press the channel hyperlink under a video you get taken to the channel of a previous video you opened. Has any such thing been reported before? It is possible to fix it be reloading the page a couple of times of opening in a new tab. Best regards, Sander
  • (2022-06-03, v:3.939) M. M.: Unable to play videos if opened in new tab
    Since today (2022.06.03), I'm not able to start videos opened in a new tab anymore with 'ImproveYouTube' enabled. The tab won't load the video, description, comments, graphics (including avatars), suggested videos on the side or anything else whatsoever - only the background and nothing else. With the addon disabled, everything works just fine. Try and error with the AddOn Options also didn't solve the problem. I'd very much like to keep using the addon, but not being able to open a couple videos in new tab to watch successively is a huge turn-off =/ I'll keep the addon disabled for now until the problem is somehow solved.
  • (2022-05-29, v:3.939) Maxim S.: How to disable Custom Sidebar Description (when you push "...more" button)?
    How to disable Custom Sidebar Description (when you push "...more" button)? I don't like it. 😕
  • (2022-05-26, v:3.939) a: The "Force SDR" option does not work
    Hi. The "Force SDR" option does not work. This option is very useful, since it consumes less CPU. Before it worked. Could you please fix this option? Greetings.
  • (2022-05-24, v:3.939) Guillaume Namaskar: issue on home channel page
    when u try to go en the home page of a channel it go on a wrong channel
  • (2022-05-24, v:3.939) kanyelives: Dislike Button count
    Can you add show the amount of dislikes a video have?
  • (2022-05-16, v:3.939) Kevin Nguyen: constantly switches between dark and light mode. and never keeps the setting.
    In my case, I just want to keep light mode on.
  • (2022-05-13, v:3.939) Baran Yildiran: player size does not work properly
    it just crops the sides and does not resize anymore
  • (2022-05-09, v:3.939) Cobalt Commander: Blacklist feature
    I cannot for the life of me sort out how to add a video or channel to the blacklist.
  • (2022-04-26, v:3.939) Tom Howe: audio locked at full volume
    audio is locked at full volume no matter how i play with the slider. if i move the slider quickly the volume changes for a split second before being raised to full when in any slider position but muted.the option to force volume is toggled off. problem stops when turning off the extension
  • (2022-04-22, v:3.939) Daniel Remenyi: Remove black bars button
    Please remove the automatic stretch to full screen option, instead, place a button for that. I don`t want that function.
  • (2022-04-21, v:3.939) SOUP: Videos being cropped instead of having black bars
    Recently videos on window that can't display them in correct aspect ratio are being cropped instead of showing the full video with added black bars. If this is a new "feature" please add an option to revert to black bars. I think a lot of people would rather have black bars than not being able to see full video
  • (2022-04-17, v:3.939) musik: auto pause is bugged
    i have auto pause tuned off, but when i switch tabs it pauses the vid that was playing
  • (2022-04-14, v:3.939) Sarah: Forced Theater Mode
    Forced theater mode (in appearance > player) doesn't stay active, despite the toggle remaining on -- videos often load at a smaller size, and I have to toggle off and on again for it to go back to theater mode.
  • (2022-04-14, v:3.939) Adrian Scholl: Full Window Bug
    Player > Player Size > Full Window still fits vertically, but is no longer fitting horizontally. This results in the sides being cropped if the window width is reduced.
  • (2022-04-14, v:3.939) Mycohl Mizlaplan: Subtitle Language Selection Broken
    When selecting "English" as the default subtitle language, the language selected when videos load is "English >> en", which is not a valid selection (it disappears from the menu when you pick something else) and results in garbage at the beginning of the video.
  • (2022-04-10, v:3.937) antonio evandro: Não mostra os minutos da miniatura
    Quando altero a qualidade das miniaturas no menu geral das configurações, não mostra o tempo do vídeo nas miniaturas.
  • (2022-04-10, v:3.937) Minority Respecter: Autoplay feature is broken
    For some months now the autoplay feature has not worked. I have to allow autoplay in the options or else I can not start any videos. My main reason for using this mod is to stop autoplay. Is this being fixed? Thanks.
  • (2022-04-09, v:3.937) Ryan Parmelee: YouTube Chapters
    Please consider adding an option to hide the chapters from showing up on the timeline of a YouTube video. They often end up getting in the way instead of being useful.
  • (2022-04-09, v:3.937) Blaxy: hide avatars
    If "Hide Avatar" is enabled, the avatar will not be visible when disabled.
  • (2022-04-05, v:3.937) Rose Supreme: You had me at...
    Mimic retro classic YT Theme Style Layout. Where do I go to turn this on? I miss old YouTube and would cease any opportunity to bring anything I can of it back. I looked everywhere and don't see anything related to it.
  • (2022-03-28, v:3.937) BLOOD_MOON_1: Stuck on dark mode.
    If i change the theme to light and reload the page it changes back to dark. It seems quite simple to fix, just dont force the theme.
  • (2022-03-28, v:3.937) Savannah Johnston: Hiding views hides comment numbers
    Checking the "hide views" button on Appearance > Details also hides the number of comments. This should be a separate setting.
  • (2022-03-26, v:3.937) 篠原清人: Please implement the shortcutbutton of Focus on the video player
    Plese Please implement the shortcutbutton of Focus on the video player.
  • (2022-03-25, v:3.937) Peyton: Hide "Save" and Hide "More" features not working
    These buttons are not working properly. I've tried restarting my browser to no avail. The Hide "Share" is the only one working for me right now.
  • (2022-03-24, v:3.937) Savannah Johnston: Live chat collapse
    Setting the live chat setting to "collapse", only affects currently streaming livestreams. It would be nice to have a setting for how to display chat for past livestreams as well.
  • (2022-03-23, v:3.937) Joseph Chiang: Standard keyboard shortcuts disabled
    The most basic shortcuts have been disabled. Examples: left/right arrow keys (seek back/forward 5 seconds), 'J'/'L' (seek 10 seconds), 'K'/'spacebar' (pause/play), 'F' (toggle fullscreen), 'C' (captions) These shortcuts were immediately working again once I disabled 'Improve YouTube!', and immediately stopped working once I re-enabled this extension. Some shortcuts from the extension still worked. Examples: 'P' (Picture-in-picture), '/' (toggle player controls)
  • (2022-03-23, v:3.937) Rafael Basquens: Bug in subscriptions views
    When accessing the Subscriptions page with the extension active, it onlys display 1 column of videos. If you want to contact me, I can share screenshots. And additional information

Statistics

Installs
300,000 history
Category
Rating
4.5 (6,167 votes)
Last update / version
2022-08-02 / 3.944
Listing languages

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